Присилна (не)кретања на путу: ‘правдано’ насиље граничног режима на Балкану

ДОИ: https://doi.org/10.2298/GEI2102433J УДК 314.15(497) Оригинални научни рад

Сажетак




У чланку испитујем насилне последице граничног режима Европске уније након 2015. године по људе са глобалног Југа који се задржавају на Балкану. Намеравам да покажем да је обезбеђивање спољних граница Европске уније кроз управљање азилом и границама на Балкану засновано на принуди и сили, упркос напорима људи у покрету да прекораче те границе и достигну достојанствене животе. Напори људи у покрету да пређу границе – које су званично затворене за њих – такође могу да се разумеју као сила. Без обзира на то какви су им правни статуси и ‘мотиви’ расељавања, људи који чекају и крећу се ‘Балканском рутом’ проживљавају ситуације обојене структурним, директним и културним насиљем, и на различите начине реагују на те ситуације. Указивањем на мање или више скривене обрасце насиља који се јављају дуж спољних граница Европске уније на Балкану, могу се преиспитати популарне категоризације које, у исто време, угњетавају и штите људе у покрету. Ти обрасци насиља су правдани – али не и оправдани – секуритизацијом националних граница и граница Европске уније. Премештањем насиља као тзв. пуш фактора из земаља иницијалног поласка (тј. земаља глобалног Југа), намеравам да укажем да се насиље наставља током пута. Обрасци насиља на Балкану даље производе присилна кретања и присилна не-кретања. Људи у покрету се носе са тим присилним (не)кретањима на различите начине.





Кључне речи: принуда, сила, структурно насиље, гранични режим, миграције







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Објављено
24.09.2021.
Како цитирати
JOVANOVIĆ, Teodora. Присилна (не)кретања на путу: ‘правдано’ насиље граничног режима на Балкану. Гласник Етнографског института САНУ, [S.l.], v. 69, n. 2, p. 433–455, sep. 2021. ISSN 2334-8259. Доступно на:
<https://www.ei.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/gei/article/view/978>.
Датум приступа: 03 dec. 2021