Вид и виђење: режими знања и апропријација других у етнографским музејима и етнографском филму

УДК: 069.02:316.7 ; 791.52:39

  • Marina Simić (Serbia) Факултет политичких наука, Београд
    marinasimic@yahoo.com

Сажетак

У овом раду представљене су паралеле између антрополошких музејских поставки и етнографског филма као модела репрезентације који се заснивају на доминацији визуелног као специфичног облика знања о свету кроз које се објекти тих репрезентација производе. Промена парадигме антрополошке дисциплине осамдестих година прошлог века, критика великог „модернистичког устројства“ и доминације визуелног као парадигматског „чула сазнавања“ имала је великог утицаја и на музејске кустосе и на ауторе етнографског филма који су у протекле две деценије на различите начине покушавали да на ту промену одговоре. У раду су представљени и критички евалуирани неки од покушаја деконструкције и поновног успостављања музејске и филмске антрополошке праксе.


Кључне речи: етнографски музеји, етнографски филм, визуелни режими знања.

Reference

Anderson Margaret and Andrew Reeves 1996. Contested Identities: Museums and the Nation
in Australia. In Museums and the Making of „Ourselves“: The Role of Objects in National
Identity, ed. F. S. Kaplan, 32–49. London and New York: Leister University Press.
Aristotels 20001. Rasprava o duši. Podgorica: Oktoih.
Batler, Džudit. 2001. Tela koja nešto znače: o diskurzivnim granicama „pola“. Beograd: Samizdat
B92.
Baxendall, Michael. 1988. Painting and Experience in Fifteenth Century Italy: Primer in the Social
History of Pictorial Style. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bennett, Tony. 1994. The Exhibitionary Complex. In Culture/Power/Knoweldge: A Reader in
Contemporary Social Theory, ed. N. B. Dirks, G. Eley and S. B. Ortern, 123–154. Princeton:
Princeton University Press.
Blumenberg, Hans. 1993. Light as a Metaphor for Truth: At the Preliminary Stage of Philosophical
Concept Formation. In Modernity and the Hegemony of Vision, ed. D. M. Kleinberg-Levin,
30–62. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Butler, Judit. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. London and New
York: Routledge.
Cameron, Kenneth M. 1994. Africa on Film: Beyond Black and White. New York: Continuum.
Chapman, William Rayan. 1985. Arranging Ethnology: A. H. L. F. Pitt Rivers and the Typological
Tradition. In Objects and Others: Essays on Museums and Material Culture, ed. G.
W. Stocking Jr, 15–48. Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press.
Coombes, Annie E. 2003. History after Apartheid: Visual Culture and Public Memory in a Democratic
South Africa. Durham and London: Duke University Press.
Foucault, Michel. 1989. The Birth of the Clinic: Archaeology of Medical Perception. London
and New York: Routledge.
Gordon, Robert. F. 2002. „Captured on Film“: Bushmen and the Claptrap of Performative Primitives.
In: Images and Empires: Visuality and Postcolonial Africa, ed. P. S. Landay and
D. K. Kaspin, 213–232. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Grimshaw, Anna. 2001. The Ethnographer’s Eye: Ways of Seeing in Anthropology. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Guynn, William. 1998. The Art of National Projection: Basil Wright’s Song of Ceylon. In Documenting
the Documentary: Close Readingof Documentary Film and Video, ed. B. K.
Grant and J. Sloniowski, 83–96. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
Hann, Chris. 1987 The Politics of Anthropology in socialist Eastern Europe. In Anthropology
at Home, ed. A. Jackson, 139–153. London and New York: Tavistock Publications.
Harrison, Julia. 2005. What Matters: Seeing the Museum Differently. Museum Anthropology
28(2): 31–42.
Kaplan, Flora S. Ed. 1996. Museums and the Making of „Ourselves“: The Role of Objects in
National Identity. London and New York: Leister University Press.
Kratz, Corrine A. 2002. The Ones That Are Wanted: Communication and the Politics of Representation
in a Photographic Exhibition. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Loizos, Peter. 1993. Innovation in Ethnographic Film: From Innocence to Self Consciousness,
1955–1985. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Lutkehaus, Nancy and Jenny Cool. 1999. Paradigms Lost and Found: The „Crisis of Representation“
and Visual Anthropology. In Collecting Visible Evidence, ed. J. M. Gains and
M. Renov, 116–139. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.
MacDougall, David. 1978. Ethnographic Film: Failure and Promise. Annual Review of Anthropology
7: 405–425.
MacDougall, David. 1994. Whose Story is it? In Visualizing theory: Selected Essays from V. A.R.
1990–1994, ed. L. Taylor, 27–36. New York and London: Routledge.
Moore, Rachel. 1994. Marketing Alterity. In Visualizing theory: Selected Essays from V. A.R.
1990–1994, еd. L. Taylor, 126–140. New York and London: Routledge.
Naumović, Slobodan. 1998. Romanticists or Double Insiders? An Essay on the Origins of Ideologised
Discourses in Balkan Ethnology. Ethnologia Balkanica 2(2): 101:120.
Naumović, Slobodan. 1999. Identity Creator in Identity Crisis: Reflections on the Politics of
Serbian Ethnology. Anthropological Journal on European Cultures 8(2): 39–128.
Nelson, Robert. S. 2000. Decrartes’s Cow and Other Domestication of the Visual. In Visuality
before and beyond the Renaissance, еd. R. S. Nelson, 1–21. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
Peterson, Nicolas. 2003. The Changing Photographic Contract: Aborigines and Image Ethics.
In Photography’s Other Histories, еd. C. Pinney i N. Peterson, 119–145. Durham and London:
Duкe University Press.
Russel, Catherine. 1999. Experimental Ethnography: the Work of Film in the Age of Video. Durham
and London: Duke Univeristy Presss.
Shelton, Anthony Alan. 1994 Cabinets of Transgression: Renaissance Collections and the Incorporation
of the New World. In The Cultures of Collecting, ed. J. Elsner and R. Cardinal,
177–203. London: Reaktion Books.
Simić, Marina. 2006. „Capturing the past“: an antrhopological approach to the modernist practices
of the history production in the ethnographic museums. Glasnik Etnografskog muzeja
u Beogradu 70: 25–41.
Simić, Marina. 2008. Izlaganje narodnosti kao tradicionalne kulture u Etnografskom muzeju u
Beogradu: istraživanje muzejske modernističke prakse. U: Muzeji u Srbiji: započeto putovanje,
ur. Lj. Gavrilović i M. Stojanović, 47–69. Beograd: Muzejsko društvo Srbije.
Simpson, Moira G. 2001. Making Representation: Museums In the Post-Colonial Era. New
York and London: Routledge.
Skotnes, Pippa. Ed. 1996. Miscast: Negotiating the Presence of the Bushmen. Cape Town: UCT
Press.
Sontag, Susan. 1979. On Photography. London: Penguin Books.
Stocking, Gorge W. Jr, 1982. Afterword: A View from the Centre. Ethnos 47(I-II): 172–186.
Stoller, Paul. 1994. Artaud, Rouch, and the Cinema of Cruelty. In Visualizing theory: Selected
Essays from V. A.R. 1990–1994, ed. by L. Taylor, pp. 84–98. New York and London: Routledge.

Summers, David. 2003. On Representations. In Critical Terms for Art History, ed. R. S. Nelson
and R. Shiff, 3–19. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Tythacott, Louise. 2003. Surrealism and the Exotic. London and New York: Routledge.
Willis, Аnne-Marie. 1995. Photography and Film: Figures in/of History. In Fields of Vision:
Essays in Film Studies, Visual Anthropology and Photography, ed. L. Devereaux and R.
Hillman, 77–93. Berkely: University of California Press.
Објављено
20.08.2017.
Како цитирати
(SERBIA), Marina Simić. Вид и виђење: режими знања и апропријација других у етнографским музејима и етнографском филму. Гласник Етнографског института САНУ, [S.l.], v. 58, n. 1, p. 85-99, aug. 2017. ISSN 2334-8259. Доступно на:
<https://www.ei.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/gei/article/view/485>.
Датум приступа: 29 may 2024
Број часописа
Секција
Научни радови