Криминализовано гостопримство: случај Велике Кладуше

ДОИ: https://doi.org/10.2298/GEI2002397L УДК 314.15(497.11) Оригинални научни рад

  • Uršula Lipovec Čebron Одељење за етнологију и културну антропологију, Факултет Уметности, Универзитет у Љубљани
    Ursula.CebronLipovec@ff.uni-lj.si
  • Eva Fekonja Одељење за етнологију и културну антропологију, Факултет Уметности, Универзитет у Љубљани
    evafekonja@gmail.com
  • Tina Ivnik Одељење за етнологију и културну антропологију, Факултет Уметности, Универзитет у Љубљани
    tina.ivnik@ff.uni-lj.si

Сажетак

У раду се истражује како се мењају дискурси гостопримства према мигрантима/избеглицама у Великој Кладуши, граду у Босни и Херцеговини који се налази у близини хрватске границе. Од 2018. године, овај град се суочава са присуством великог броја људи у покрету, што доводи до развоја вишеслојне напетости између спонтаног гостопримства домаћег становништва и све репресивније политике Европске уније, као и рестриктивних локалних мера које криминализују не само мигранте/избеглице, већ и све облике солидарности са њима. У уводном делу рада анализира се концепт гостопримства на основу постојећих концепата изложених у различитим антрополошким изворима, као и у савременим истраживањима миграција и гостопримства. У даљем тексту истражујемо динамику која настаје тамо где долази до пресецања гостопримства са јавним и приватним сферама. Наш теренски материјал из Велике Кладуше показује да су ставови локалног становништва према мигрантима/избеглицама под утицајем мешања ауторитета (полиције, инспектора, итд.) у област гостопримства и указује на трансформацију локалних гостољубивих пракси према мигрантима/избеглицама, коју ми дефинишемо као прелазак од отвореног на криминализовано гостопримство. У оваквим промењеним околностима, поједини грађани Велике Кладуше реагују на криминализовано гостопримство прихватајући га, други преговарају о томе, док се неки отворено супротстављају.
Кључне речи: мигранти, избеглице, криминализација гостопримства, Босна и Херцеговина, антропологија

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Објављено
30.09.2020.
Како цитирати
LIPOVEC ČEBRON, Uršula; FEKONJA, Eva; IVNIK, Tina. Криминализовано гостопримство: случај Велике Кладуше. Гласник Етнографског института САНУ, [S.l.], v. 68, n. 2, p. 397–418, sep. 2020. ISSN 2334-8259. Доступно на:
<http://www.ei.sanu.ac.rs/index.php/gei/article/view/904>.
Датум приступа: 22 oct. 2020